Mark Ellis's A Chord in Time: The Evolution of the Augmented Sixth from PDF

By Mark Ellis

ISBN-10: 075466385X

ISBN-13: 9780754663850

ISBN-10: 1138250937

ISBN-13: 9781138250932

for hundreds of years, the augmented 6th sonority has involved composers and intrigued song analysts. right here, Dr Mark Ellis provides a sequence of musical examples illustrating the 'evolution' of the augmented 6th and the altering contexts during which it may be stumbled on. unusually, the sonority emerged from one of many final remnants of modal counterpoint to outlive into the tonal period: the Phrygian Cadence. within the Baroque interval, the 'terrible dissonance' used to be almost always linked to unfavourable textual imagery. Charpentier defined the augmented 6th as 'poignantly expressive'. J. S. Bach thought of an prevalence of the chord in a single of his forebear's motets 'remarkably bold'. in the course of Bach's composing lifetime, the augmented 6th developed from a comparatively infrequent chromaticism to a virtually regular aspect in the tonal spectrum; the chord displays specific chronological and stylistic strata in his song. Theorists all started carefully to just accept the chord, yet its inversional percentages proved really contentious, as commentaries by means of writers as various as Muffat, Marpurg and Rousseau display. throughout the eighteenth century, the augmented 6th grew to become more and more major in instrumental repertoires - it used to be possibly Vivaldi who first liberated the chord from its unfavorable textual institutions. by means of the later eighteenth century, the chord started to functionality nearly as a 'signpost' to point vital structural limitations inside of sonata shape. The chord didn't, besides the fact that, fullyyt lose its darker undertone: it indicates, for instance, the subject matter of revenge in Mozart's Don Giovanni. Romantic composers exposed far-reaching tonal ambiguities inherent within the augmented 6th. Chopin's Nocturnes frequently appear beguilingly easy, however the floor tranquillity mask the composer's strikingly unique harmonic experiments. Wagner's much-analyzed 'Tristan Chord' resolves (according to a couple theorists) on an augmented 6th. In Tristan und Isolde, the chord's mercurial

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A Chord in Time: The Evolution of the Augmented Sixth from Monteverdi to Mahler by Mark Ellis

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